Béarn is a relatively unknown region with three distinct geographical sub-areas:
The most central and prolific region of Béarn is located midway between Mont de Marsan and St. Jean Pied de Port, within the foothills of the Pyrénées. The Cave Coopérative was established here in 1944 in the town of Bellocq.
At the end of 1951, Béarn was granted VDQS status, with its borders bleeding to just beyond the towns of Bellocq, Salies-de-Béarn, and Orthez. In 1958, however, the zone was expanded to include the appellations of Madiran and Jurançon. This enlarged territory was classified AOC in 1975.
Consequently, some producers in Madiran release a Béarn rosé (as rosé is not permitted in Madiran) and some producers in Jurançon release a Béarn red (as red is not permitted in Jurançon).
Wine producing areas in Aquitaine region of France.