Wines by Region / Southern Rhône / Gigondas and Vacqueyras / Domaine de Grand Montmirail
Domaine du Grand Montmirail - Gigondas
Post-purchase, Cheron made some important investments to improve the grape varieties and to construct a winemaking cellar. In the early 1980s, Denis' son Yves, a graduate in enological studies in Beaune and the family’s 4th generation, took over the labors at the domaine. He refurbished an old convent on the property and made it his family house, an amazing home overlooking the vineyards and with a killer view of Mount Ventoux in the distance. The domaine today covers more than 70 hectares planted exclusively on the hillsides and terraces, known locally as banquettes. The vineyards are situated directly on the southern slope of the Dentelles de Montmirail. It is a superb site, dominated by granite cliffs nearly 100 meters in height.
The domaine has several ideal vine-growing factors in its favor. The vines benefit from a remarkably sunny exposure while being sheltered from the winter mistral by a sort of natural amphitheater. The altitude of the vineyards varies between 300 and 350 meters— among the highest in Gigondas, something that helps the wine retain more acidity. The subsoils of their parcels are composed of sedimentary clay from when the sea covered this site. The rise of the Alps created many rifts, including the emergence of the impressive rocky barriers that are the Dentelles. But this clay is littered with small pieces of limestone, and it is the combination of these two soils that help give Grand Montmirail its round, approachable texture. The soil is well-drained, but at the same time 3 springs run under the property so drought is rarely a problem. This also helps give the wines an extraordinary elegance that much of the appellation finds difficult to obtain.
The harvest begins with Syrah, the quickest grape to ripen, and then the Grenache in the highest spots. The Mourvèdre is the slowest ripening and usually the last grape to be harvested. The entire harvest is picked by hand, and yields are never more than 35 hl/ha. Among the old vines on the terraces, they generally fall to a maximum of 30 hl/ha. The recently picked grapes are transported quickly to the winery situated off to the side of the vineyards. After being completely de-stemmed, they go into the tanks and are lightly crushed. The tanks themselves are made of cement and are temperature-controlled.
The must is cooled and the pre-fermentation period lasts several days in order to extract pigment and primary aromas of the grape. Then the fermentation begins. Only indigenous yeasts are used. Fermentation generally lasts between 10 and 12 days, and the pressing takes place in a bladder press. Aging occurs in enamel-lined tanks in the temperature-controlled winery. The vats themselves are completely underground so they naturally remain cool. No oak is used during the wine’s élévage. Malolactic fermentation normally takes place by the end of the year. The wine is then racked 4 or 5 times before bottling. The addition of sulfur is kept to a minimum and filtration is extremely light.
Domaine du Grand Montmirail Muscat de Baumes de Venise
The domaine’s Muscat à Petits Grains comes from hillside vines planted on the opposite side of the road toward Suzette. The grapes are harvested by hand and fermentation begins with their indigenous yeasts. When the grapes hit about 9% alcohol, their fermentation is muted with the addition of neutral alcohol, which prevents the yeasts from working. The result is a delightful sweet wine whose aromas include tropical fruit (pineapple, guava) and stone fruits (pear and peach), along with a touch of orange. Unlike some sweet wines from the appellation, this version remains light on its feet and is perfect as an aperitif or to accompany fruit-based desserts.